"Down in the Willow Garden" also called "Rose Connelly" is a song that may have its origins from Irish sources in the 19th century. The song was first recorded as "Rose Conley" in either 1927 or 1928 by G. B. Grayson and Henry Whitter. In 1937, another version was recorded by Wade Mainer and Zeke Morris, giving it the name, "Down in the Willow Garden". The song is an Appalachian murder ballad that tells the story of a lady who was poisoned, stabbed, and had her body thrown into the river by her lover. The story or lyric was written from the perspective of the murderer. A man whose father had promised to buy his freedom but failed and was condemned to watch his son executed. Being faced with death, the murderer is overwhelmed by the realization of his action and what pain he has caused his family. A truly sad story considering the victim was assumed to be pregnant. We can only speculate about his motive or motivation but all in all, Rose Connelly got justice for her murder. The song has different versions performed using different styles, one version from Galway is slightly different and has similar lyrics with W. B Yeats 1899 poem called “Down by the Salley Gardens”. Unlike many other Irish ballads, the tune was initially limited to being played in the Appalachian region of the US. But in 1915 it was noted and had a reference in 1895 in Wetzel County, West Virginia. There are over a dozen recordings of the songs and one of the versions that made it popular was that recorded by Charlie Monroe in 1947.